Filter Functions

简介

This extension serves to validate and filter data coming from some insecure source, such as user input.

The following filters currently exist; be sure to read the Filter Constants section for information that describes the behavior of each constant:

Existing filters
ID Name Options Flags Description
FILTER_VALIDATE_INT "int" min_range , max_range FILTER_FLAG_ALLOW_OCTAL, FILTER_FLAG_ALLOW_HEX Validates value as integer, optionally from the specified range.
FILTER_VALIDATE_BOOLEAN "boolean"   FILTER_NULL_ON_FAILURE

Returns TRUE for "1", "true", "on" and "yes". Returns FALSE otherwise.

If FILTER_NULL_ON_FAILURE is set, FALSE is returned only for "0", "false", "off", "no", and "", and NULL is returned for all non-boolean values.

FILTER_VALIDATE_FLOAT "float" decimal FILTER_FLAG_ALLOW_THOUSAND Validates value as float.
FILTER_VALIDATE_REGEXP "validate_regexp" regexp   Validates value against regexp , a Perl-compatible regular expression.
FILTER_VALIDATE_URL "validate_url"   FILTER_FLAG_PATH_REQUIRED, FILTER_FLAG_QUERY_REQUIRED Validates value as URL, optionally with required components.
FILTER_VALIDATE_EMAIL "validate_email"     Validates value as e-mail.
FILTER_VALIDATE_IP "validate_ip"   FILTER_FLAG_IPV4, FILTER_FLAG_IPV6, FILTER_FLAG_NO_PRIV_RANGE, FILTER_FLAG_NO_RES_RANGE Validates value as IP address, optionally only IPv4 or IPv6 or not from private or reserved ranges.
FILTER_SANITIZE_STRING "string"   FILTER_FLAG_NO_ENCODE_QUOTES, FILTER_FLAG_STRIP_LOW, FILTER_FLAG_STRIP_HIGH, FILTER_FLAG_ENCODE_LOW, FILTER_FLAG_ENCODE_HIGH, FILTER_FLAG_ENCODE_AMP Strip tags, optionally strip or encode special characters.
FILTER_SANITIZE_STRIPPED "stripped"     Alias of "string" filter.
FILTER_SANITIZE_ENCODED "encoded"   FILTER_FLAG_STRIP_LOW, FILTER_FLAG_STRIP_HIGH, FILTER_FLAG_ENCODE_LOW, FILTER_FLAG_ENCODE_HIGH URL-encode string, optionally strip or encode special characters.
FILTER_SANITIZE_SPECIAL_CHARS "special_chars"   FILTER_FLAG_STRIP_LOW, FILTER_FLAG_STRIP_HIGH, FILTER_FLAG_ENCODE_HIGH HTML-escape '"<>& and characters with ASCII value less than 32, optionally strip or encode other special characters.
FILTER_UNSAFE_RAW "unsafe_raw"   FILTER_FLAG_STRIP_LOW, FILTER_FLAG_STRIP_HIGH, FILTER_FLAG_ENCODE_LOW, FILTER_FLAG_ENCODE_HIGH, FILTER_FLAG_ENCODE_AMP Do nothing, optionally strip or encode special characters.
FILTER_SANITIZE_EMAIL "email"     Remove all characters except letters, digits and !#$%&'*+-/=?^_`{|}~@.[].
FILTER_SANITIZE_URL "url"     Remove all characters except letters, digits and $-_.+!*'(),{}|\\^~[]`<>#%";/?:@&=.
FILTER_SANITIZE_NUMBER_INT "number_int"     Remove all characters except digits, plus and minus sign.
FILTER_SANITIZE_NUMBER_FLOAT "number_float"   FILTER_FLAG_ALLOW_FRACTION, FILTER_FLAG_ALLOW_THOUSAND, FILTER_FLAG_ALLOW_SCIENTIFIC Remove all characters except digits, +- and optionally .,eE.
FILTER_SANITIZE_MAGIC_QUOTES "magic_quotes"     Apply addslashes().
FILTER_CALLBACK "callback" callback function or method   Call user-defined function to filter data.

需求

要编译本扩展模块无需外部库文件。

安装

A short installation note: just type

$ pecl install filter
  
in your console.

运行时配置

这些函数的行为受 php.ini 的影响。

Filter Configuration Options
Name Default Changeable Changelog
filter.default "unsafe_raw" PHP_INI_PERDIR PHP_INI_ALL in filter <= 0.9.4. Available since PHP 5.2.0.
filter.default_flags NULL PHP_INI_PERDIR PHP_INI_ALL in filter <= 0.9.4. Available since PHP 5.2.0.
有关 PHP_INI_* 常量进一步的细节与定义参见php.ini 配置选项

以下是配置选项的简要解释。

filter.default string

Filter all $_GET, $_POST, $_COOKIE and $_REQUEST data by this filter. Original data can be accessed through filter_input().

Accepts the name of the filter you like to use by default. See the existing filter list for the list of the filter names.

filter.default_flags integer

Default flags

资源类型

本扩展模块未定义任何资源类型。

预定义常量

以下常量由本扩展模块定义,因此只有在本扩展模块被编译到 PHP 中,或者在运行时被动态加载后才有效。

INPUT_POST (integer)
POST variables.
INPUT_GET (integer)
GET variables.
INPUT_COOKIE (integer)
COOKIE variables.
INPUT_ENV (integer)
ENV variables.
INPUT_SERVER (integer)
SERVER variables.
INPUT_SESSION (integer)
SESSION variables. (not implemented yet)
INPUT_REQUEST (integer)
REQUEST variables. (not implemented yet)
FILTER_FLAG_NONE (integer)
No flags.
FILTER_REQUIRE_SCALAR (integer)
Flag used to require scalar as input
FILTER_REQUIRE_ARRAY (integer)
Require an array as input.
FILTER_FORCE_ARRAY (integer)
Always returns an array.
FILTER_NULL_ON_FAILURE (integer)
Use NULL instead of FALSE on failure.
FILTER_VALIDATE_INT (integer)
ID of "int" filter.
FILTER_VALIDATE_BOOLEAN (integer)
ID of "boolean" filter.
FILTER_VALIDATE_FLOAT (integer)
ID of "float" filter.
FILTER_VALIDATE_REGEXP (integer)
ID of "validate_regexp" filter.
FILTER_VALIDATE_URL (integer)
ID of "validate_url" filter.
FILTER_VALIDATE_EMAIL (integer)
ID of "validate_email" filter.
FILTER_VALIDATE_IP (integer)
ID of "validate_ip" filter.
FILTER_DEFAULT (integer)
ID of default ("string") filter.
FILTER_UNSAFE_RAW (integer)
ID of "unsafe_raw" filter.
FILTER_SANITIZE_STRING (integer)
ID of "string" filter.
FILTER_SANITIZE_STRIPPED (integer)
ID of "stripped" filter.
FILTER_SANITIZE_ENCODED (integer)
ID of "encoded" filter.
FILTER_SANITIZE_SPECIAL_CHARS (integer)
ID of "special_chars" filter.
FILTER_SANITIZE_EMAIL (integer)
ID of "email" filter.
FILTER_SANITIZE_URL (integer)
ID of "url" filter.
FILTER_SANITIZE_NUMBER_INT (integer)
ID of "number_int" filter.
FILTER_SANITIZE_NUMBER_FLOAT (integer)
ID of "number_float" filter.
FILTER_SANITIZE_MAGIC_QUOTES (integer)
ID of "magic_quotes" filter.
FILTER_CALLBACK (integer)
ID of "callback" filter.
FILTER_FLAG_ALLOW_OCTAL (integer)
Allow octal notation (0[0-7]+) in "int" filter.
FILTER_FLAG_ALLOW_HEX (integer)
Allow hex notation (0x[0-9a-fA-F]+) in "int" filter.
FILTER_FLAG_STRIP_LOW (integer)
Strip characters with ASCII value less than 32.
FILTER_FLAG_STRIP_HIGH (integer)
Strip characters with ASCII value greater than 127.
FILTER_FLAG_ENCODE_LOW (integer)
Encode characters with ASCII value less than 32.
FILTER_FLAG_ENCODE_HIGH (integer)
Encode characters with ASCII value greater than 127.
FILTER_FLAG_ENCODE_AMP (integer)
Encode &.
FILTER_FLAG_NO_ENCODE_QUOTES (integer)
Don't encode ' and ".
FILTER_FLAG_EMPTY_STRING_NULL (integer)
(No use for now.)
FILTER_FLAG_ALLOW_FRACTION (integer)
Allow fractional part in "number_float" filter.
FILTER_FLAG_ALLOW_THOUSAND (integer)
Allow thousand separator (,) in "number_float" filter.
FILTER_FLAG_ALLOW_SCIENTIFIC (integer)
Allow scientific notation (e, E) in "number_float" filter.
FILTER_FLAG_SCHEME_REQUIRED (integer)
Require scheme in "validate_url" filter.
FILTER_FLAG_HOST_REQUIRED (integer)
Require host in "validate_url" filter.
FILTER_FLAG_PATH_REQUIRED (integer)
Require path in "validate_url" filter.
FILTER_FLAG_QUERY_REQUIRED (integer)
Require query in "validate_url" filter.
FILTER_FLAG_IPV4 (integer)
Allow only IPv4 address in "validate_ip" filter.
FILTER_FLAG_IPV6 (integer)
Allow only IPv6 address in "validate_ip" filter.
FILTER_FLAG_NO_RES_RANGE (integer)
Deny reserved addresses in "validate_ip" filter.
FILTER_FLAG_NO_PRIV_RANGE (integer)
Deny private addresses in "validate_ip" filter.

Table of Contents

  • filter_has_var — Checks if variable of specified type exists
  • filter_id — Returns the filter ID belonging to a named filter
  • filter_input_array — Gets multiple variables from outside PHP and optionally filters them
  • filter_input — Gets variable from outside PHP and optionally filters it
  • filter_list — Returns a list of all supported filters
  • filter_var_array — Gets multiple variables and optionally filters them
  • filter_var — Filters a variable with a specified filter


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