MaxDB PHP Extension

简介

The MaxDB PHP extension allows you to access the functionality provided by MaxDB 7.5.0 and above. More information about the MaxDB Database server can be found at » http://www.mysql.com/products/maxdb/.

The MaxDB PHP extension is compatible to the MySQL mysqli extension. There are only minor differences in the behaviour of some functions due to the differences of the underlying database servers, MaxDB and MySQL.

The main differences to mysqli are in the following functions:

Documentation for MaxDB can be found at » http://dev.mysql.com/doc/maxdb/.

需求

In order to have these functions available, you must compile PHP with MaxDB support. Additionally, you must have the MaxDB SQLDBC runtime library available to access the MaxDB server.

Documentation for MaxDB SQLDBC can be found at » http://dev.mysql.com/doc/maxdb/.

Download the MaxDB SQLDBC package from » http://dev.mysql.com/downloads/maxdb/clients.html.

安装

By using the --with-maxdb[=DIR] configuration option you enable PHP to access MaxDB databases. [DIR] points to the directory that contains the installed MaxDB SQLDBC package.

Windows users will need to enable php_maxdb.dll inside of php.ini.

运行时配置

这些函数的行为受 php.ini 的影响。

MaxDB Configuration Options
Name Default Changeable Changelog
maxdb.default_host NULL PHP_INI_ALL  
maxdb.default_db NULL PHP_INI_ALL  
maxdb.default_user NULL PHP_INI_ALL  
maxdb.default_pw NULL PHP_INI_ALL  
maxdb.long_readlen "200" PHP_INI_ALL  
有关 PHP_INI_* 常量进一步的细节与定义参见php.ini 配置选项

以下是配置选项的简要解释。

maxdb.default_host string

The default server host to use when connecting to the database server if no other host is specified.

maxdb.default_db string

The default server database to use when connecting if no other database is specified.

maxdb.default_user string

The default user name to use when connecting to the database server if no other name is specified.

maxdb.default_pw string

The default password to use when connecting to the database server if no other password is specified.

maxdb.long_readlen integer

The default maximum length of bytes that is transferred to the client if long data is retrieved from the MaxDB database server.

预定义类

maxdb

Represents a connection between PHP and a MaxDB database.

构造函数

  • maxdb - construct a new maxdb object

方法

  • autocommit - turns on or off auto-commiting database modifications

  • change_user - changes the user of the specified database connection

  • character_set_name - returns the default character set for the database connection

  • close - closes a previously opened connection

  • commit - commits the current transaction

  • connect - opens a new connection to MaxDB database server

  • debug - performs debugging operations

  • dump_debug_info - dumps debug information

  • get_client_info - returns client version

  • get_host_info - returns type of connection used

  • get_server_info - returns version of the MaxDB server

  • get_server_version - returns version of the MaxDB server

  • init - initializes maxdb object

  • info - retrieves information about the most recently executed query

  • kill - asks the server to kill a MaxDB thread

  • multi_query - performs multiple queries

  • more_results - check if more results exist from currently executed multi-query

  • next_result - reads next result from currently executed multi-query

  • options - set options

  • ping - pings a server connection or reconnects if there is no connection

  • prepare - prepares a SQL query

  • query - performs a query

  • real_connect - attempts to open a connection to MaxDB database server

  • escape_string - escapes special characters in a string for use in a SQL statement, taking into account the current charset of the connection

  • rollback - rolls back the current transaction

  • select_db - selects the default database

  • ssl_set - sets ssl parameters

  • stat - gets the current system status

  • stmt_init- initializes a statement for use with maxdb_stmt_prepare

  • store_result - transfers a resultset from last query

  • use_result - transfers an unbuffered resultset from last query

  • thread-safe - returns whether thread safety is given or not

属性

  • affected_rows - gets the number of affected rows in a previous MaxDB operation

  • client_info - returns the MaxDB client version as a string

  • client_version - returns the MaxDB client version as an integer

  • errno - returns the error code for the most recent function call

  • error - returns the error string for the most recent function call

  • field_count - returns the number of columns for the most recent query

  • host_info - returns a string representing the type of connection used

  • info - retrieves information about the most recently executed query

  • insert_id - returns the auto generated id used in the last query

  • protocol_version - returns the version of the MaxDB protocol used

  • sqlstate - returns a string containing the SQLSTATE error code for the last error

  • thread_id - returns the thread ID for the current connection

  • warning_count - returns the number of warnings generated during execution of the previous SQL statement

maxdb_stmt

Represents a prepared statement.

方法

  • bind_param - binds variables to a prepared statement

  • bind_result - binds variables to a prepared statement for result storage

  • close - closes a prepared statement

  • data-seek - seeks to an arbitrary row in a statement result set

  • execute - executes a prepared statement

  • fetch - fetches result from a prepared statement into bound variables

  • free_result - frees stored result memory for the given statement handle

  • result_metadata - retrieves a resultset from a prepared statement for metadata information

  • prepare - prepares a SQL query

  • send_long_data - sends data in chunks

  • close_long_data - end sending long data

  • reset - resets a prepared statement

  • store_result - buffers complete resultset from a prepared statement

属性

  • affected_rows - returns affected rows from last statement execution

  • errno - returns errorcode for last statement function

  • errno - returns errormessage for last statement function

  • param_count - returns number of parameter for a given prepare statement

  • sqlstate - returns a string containing the SQLSTATE error code for the last statement function

maxdb_result

Represents the result set obtained from a query against the database.

方法

  • close - closes resultset

  • data_seek - moves internal result pointer

  • fetch_field - gets column information from a resultset

  • fetch_fields - gets information for all columns from a resulset

  • fetch_field_direct - gets column information for specified column

  • fetch_array - fetches a result row as an associative array, a numeric array, or both.

  • fetch_assoc - fetches a result row as an associative array

  • fetch_object - fetches a result row as an object

  • fetch_row - gets a result row as an enumerated array

  • close - frees result memory

  • field_seek - set result pointer to a specified field offset

属性

  • current_field - returns offset of current fieldpointer

  • field_count - returns number of fields in resultset

  • lengths - returns an array of columnlengths

  • num_rows - returns number of rows in resultset

资源类型

This extension defines resources.

预定义常量

以下常量由本扩展模块定义,因此只有在本扩展模块被编译到 PHP 中,或者在运行时被动态加载后才有效。

The following constants to use with maxdb_options() are defined. For further description of these constants see » http://dev.mysql.com/doc/maxdb/.

MaxDB PHP client constants
Constant Description
MAXDB_COMPNAME The component name used to initialise the SQLDBC runtime environment.
MAXDB_APPLICATION The application to be connected to the database.
MAXDB_APPVERSION The version of the application.
MAXDB_SQLMODE The SQL mode.
MAXDB_UNICODE TRUE, if the connection is an unicode (UCS2) client or FALSE, if not.
MAXDB_TIMEOUT The maximum allowed time of inactivity after which the connection to the database is closed by the system.
MAXDB_ISOLATIONLEVEL Specifies whether and how shared locks and exclusive locks are implicitly requested or released.
MAXDB_PACKETCOUNT The number of different request packets used for the connection.
MAXDB_STATEMENTCACHESIZE The number of prepared statements to be cached for the connection for re-use.
MAXDB_CURSORPREFIX The prefix to use for result tables that are automatically named.

The function maxdb_fetch_array() uses a constant for the different types of result arrays. The following constants are defined:

MaxDB fetch constants
Constant Description
MAXDB_ASSOC Columns are returned into the array having the fieldname as the array index.
MAXDB_ASSOC_UPPER Columns are returned into the array having the upper case fieldname as the array index.
MAXDB_ASSOC_LOWER Columns are returned into the array having the lower case fieldname as the array index.
MAXDB_BOTH Columns are returned into the array having both a numerical index and the fieldname as the array index.
MAXDB_NUM Columns are returned into the array having a numerical index to the fields. This index starts with 0, the first field in the result.

范例

All examples in the MaxDB PHP documentation use the HOTELDB demo database from MaxDB. More about this database can be found at » http://dev.mysql.com/doc/maxdb/en/98/11b83fa6b33c17e10000000a114084/frameset.htm.

To use the examples in the MaxDB PHP documentation, you have to load the tutorial data into your database. Then you have to set maxdb.default_db in php.ini to the database that contains the tutorial data.

This simple example shows how to connect, execute a query, print resulting rows and disconnect from a MaxDB database.

Example#1 MaxDB extension overview example

<?php
$link 
maxdb_connect("localhost""MONA""RED""DEMODB");
   
/* check connection */
if (maxdb_connect_errno()) {
   
printf("Connect failed: %s\n"maxdb_connect_error());
   exit();
}

/* Performing SQL query */
$query "SELECT * FROM hotel.city";
$result maxdb_query($link$query) or die("Query failed : " maxdb_error());

/* Printing results in HTML */
echo "<table>\n";
while (
$line maxdb_fetch_array($resultMAXDB_ASSOC)) {
    echo 
"  <tr>\n";
    foreach (
$line as $col_value) {
        echo 
"    <td>$col_value</td>\n";
    }
    echo 
"  </tr>\n";
}
echo 
"</table>\n";

/* Free resultset */
maxdb_free_result($result);

/* Closing connection */
maxdb_close($link);
?>

The following example shows how to bind variables to a SELECT INTO statement.

Example#2 Example for use of SELECT INTO statements

<?php
$link 
maxdb_connect("localhost""MONA""RED""DEMODB");

/* check connection */
if (!$link) {
   
printf("Connect failed: %s\n"maxdb_connect_error());
   exit();
}
   
/* Performing SQL query */
$stmt maxdb_prepare ($link"SELECT percentage INTO ? FROM hotel.countrylanguage where language = ?");
if (!
$stmt) {
  
printf ("Prepare failed: %s\n"maxdb_error($link));
}

$name "Mbundu";

maxdb_stmt_bind_param($stmt'ds'$percentage$name);
maxdb_stmt_execute($stmt);

printf ("%f\n"$percentage);

maxdb_stmt_close ($stmt);
?>

The following example shows how to use MaxDB database procedures.

Example#3 Example fore using database procedures

<?php
$link 
maxdb_connect("localhost""MONA""RED""DEMODB");

/* check connection */
if (!$link) {
   
printf("Connect failed: %s\n"maxdb_connect_error());
   exit();
}

maxdb_report (MAXDB_REPORT_OFF);
maxdb_query($link,"DROP DBPROC test_proc");
maxdb_report (MAXDB_REPORT_ERROR);

$query "create dbproc test_proc (INOUT e_text char(72)) AS select * from SYSDBA.DUAL; fetch into :e_text;";

maxdb_query($link$query);

/* Performing SQL query */
$stmt maxdb_prepare ($link"CALL test_proc (?)");
if (!
$stmt) {
  
printf ("Prepare failed: %s\n"maxdb_error($link));
}

maxdb_stmt_bind_param($stmt's'$result);
maxdb_stmt_execute($stmt);

printf ("%s\n"$result);

maxdb_stmt_close ($stmt);
?>

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