Zsh 配置文件

例 30.1. Zsh 配置文件 .zshrc


#命令提示符 {{{

RPROMPT=$(echo '%{\033[31m%}%D %T%{\033[m%}')

PROMPT=$(echo '%{\033[34m%}%M%{\033[32m%}%/

%{\033[36m%}%n %{\033[01;31m%}>%{\033[33m%}>%{\033[34m%}>%{\033[m%} ')

#}}}



#标题栏、任务栏样式{{{

case $TERM in (*xterm*|*rxvt*|(dt|k|E)term)

   precmd () { print -Pn "\e]0;%n@%M//%/\a" }

   preexec () { print -Pn "\e]0;%n@%M//%/\ $1\a" }

   ;;

esac

#}}}



#关于历史纪录的配置 {{{

#历史纪录条目数量

export HISTSIZE=10000

#注销后保存的历史纪录条目数量

export SAVEHIST=10000

#历史纪录文件

#export HISTFILE=~/.zhistory

#以附加的方式写入历史纪录

setopt INC_APPEND_HISTORY

#如果连续输入的命令相同,历史纪录中只保留一个

setopt HIST_IGNORE_DUPS      

#为历史纪录中的命令添加时间戳      

setopt EXTENDED_HISTORY      



#启用 cd 命令的历史纪录,cd -[TAB]进入历史路径

setopt AUTO_PUSHD

#相同的历史路径只保留一个

setopt PUSHD_IGNORE_DUPS



#在命令前添加空格,不将此命令添加到纪录文件中

#setopt HIST_IGNORE_SPACE      

#}}}



#每个目录使用独立的历史纪录{{{

cd() {

    builtin cd "$@"                             # do actual cd

    fc -W                                       # write current history  file

    local HISTDIR="$HOME/.zsh_history$PWD"      # use nested folders for history

        if  [ ! -d "$HISTDIR" ] ; then          # create folder if needed

            mkdir -p "$HISTDIR"

        fi

        export HISTFILE="$HISTDIR/zhistory"     # set new history file

    touch $HISTFILE

    local ohistsize=$HISTSIZE

        HISTSIZE=0                              # Discard previous dir's history

        HISTSIZE=$ohistsize                     # Prepare for new dir's history

    fc -R                                       #read from current histfile

}

mkdir -p $HOME/.zsh_history$PWD

export HISTFILE="$HOME/.zsh_history$PWD/zhistory"



function allhistory { cat $(find $HOME/.zsh_history -name zhistory) }

function convhistory {

            sort $1 | uniq |

            sed 's/^:\([ 0-9]*\):[0-9]*;\(.*\)/\1::::::\2/' |

            awk -F"::::::" '{ $1=strftime("%Y-%m-%d %T",$1) "|"; print }'  

}

#使用 histall 命令查看全部历史纪录

function histall { convhistory =(allhistory) |

            sed '/^.\{20\} *cd/i\\' }

#使用 hist 查看当前目录历史纪录

function hist { convhistory $HISTFILE }



#全部历史纪录 top44

function top44 { allhistory | awk -F':[ 0-9]*:[0-9]*;' '{ $1="" ; print }' | sed 's/ /\n/g' | sed '/^$/d' | sort | uniq -c | sort -nr | head -n 44 }



#}}}



#杂项 {{{

#允许在交互模式中使用注释  例如:

#cmd #这是注释

setopt INTERACTIVE_COMMENTS      

      

#启用自动 cd,输入目录名回车进入目录

#稍微有点混乱,不如 cd 补全实用

#setopt AUTO_CD

      

#扩展路径

#/v/c/p/p => /var/cache/pacman/pkg

setopt complete_in_word

      

#禁用 core dumps

limit coredumpsize 0



#Emacs风格 键绑定

bindkey -e

#设置 [DEL]键 为向后删除

bindkey "\e[3~" delete-char



#以下字符视为单词的一部分

WORDCHARS='*?_-[]~=&;!#$%^(){}<>'

#}}}



#自动补全功能 {{{

setopt AUTO_LIST

setopt AUTO_MENU

#开启此选项,补全时会直接选中菜单项

#setopt MENU_COMPLETE



autoload -U compinit

compinit



#自动补全缓存

#zstyle ':completion::complete:*' use-cache on

#zstyle ':completion::complete:*' cache-path .zcache

#zstyle ':completion:*:cd:*' ignore-parents parent pwd



#自动补全选项

zstyle ':completion:*:match:*' original only

zstyle ':completion::prefix-1:*' completer _complete

zstyle ':completion:predict:*' completer _complete

zstyle ':completion:incremental:*' completer _complete _correct

zstyle ':completion:*' completer _complete _prefix _correct _prefix _match _approximate



#路径补全

zstyle ':completion:*' expand 'yes'

zstyle ':completion:*' squeeze-shlashes 'yes'

zstyle ':completion::complete:*' '\\'



zstyle ':completion:*' menu select

zstyle ':completion:*:*:default' force-list always



#彩色补全菜单 

eval $(dircolors -b) 

export ZLSCOLORS="${LS_COLORS}"

zmodload zsh/complist

zstyle ':completion:*' list-colors ${(s.:.)LS_COLORS}

zstyle ':completion:*:*:kill:*:processes' list-colors '=(#b) #([0-9]#)*=0=01;31'



#修正大小写

zstyle ':completion:*' matcher-list '' 'm:{a-zA-Z}={A-Za-z}'

#错误校正      

zstyle ':completion:*' completer _complete _match _approximate

zstyle ':completion:*:match:*' original only

zstyle ':completion:*:approximate:*' max-errors 1 numeric



#kill 命令补全      

compdef pkill=kill

compdef pkill=killall

zstyle ':completion:*:*:kill:*' menu yes select

zstyle ':completion:*:*:*:*:processes' force-list always

zstyle ':completion:*:processes' command 'ps -au$USER'



#补全类型提示分组 

zstyle ':completion:*:matches' group 'yes'

zstyle ':completion:*' group-name ''

zstyle ':completion:*:options' description 'yes'

zstyle ':completion:*:options' auto-description '%d'

zstyle ':completion:*:descriptions' format $'\e[01;33m -- %d --\e[0m'

zstyle ':completion:*:messages' format $'\e[01;35m -- %d --\e[0m'

zstyle ':completion:*:warnings' format $'\e[01;31m -- No Matches Found --\e[0m'

#}}}



##行编辑高亮模式 {{{

# Ctrl+@ 设置标记,标记和光标点之间为 region

zle_highlight=(region:bg=magenta #选中区域 

               special:bold      #特殊字符

               isearch:underline)#搜索时使用的关键字

#}}}



##空行(光标在行首)补全 "cd " {{{

user-complete(){

    case $BUFFER in

        "" )                       # 空行填入 "cd "

            BUFFER="cd "

            zle end-of-line

            zle expand-or-complete

            ;;

        "cd --" )                  # "cd --" 替换为 "cd +"

            BUFFER="cd +"

            zle end-of-line

            zle expand-or-complete

            ;;

        "cd +-" )                  # "cd +-" 替换为 "cd -"

            BUFFER="cd -"

            zle end-of-line

            zle expand-or-complete

            ;;

        * )

            zle expand-or-complete

            ;;

    esac

}

zle -N user-complete

bindkey "\t" user-complete

#}}}



##在命令前插入 sudo {{{

#定义功能 

sudo-command-line() {

    [[ -z $BUFFER ]] && zle up-history

    [[ $BUFFER != sudo\ * ]] && BUFFER="sudo $BUFFER"

    zle end-of-line                 #光标移动到行末

}

zle -N sudo-command-line

#定义快捷键为: [Esc] [Esc]

bindkey "\e\e" sudo-command-line

#}}}

  

#命令别名 {{{

alias -g cp='cp -i'

alias -g mv='mv -i'

alias -g rm='rm -i'

alias -g ls='ls -F --color=auto'

alias -g ll='ls -l'

alias -g grep='grep --color=auto'

alias -g ee='emacsclient -t'



#[Esc][h] man 当前命令时,显示简短说明 

alias run-help >&/dev/null && unalias run-help

autoload run-help



#历史命令 top10

alias top10='print -l  ${(o)history%% *} | uniq -c | sort -nr | head -n 10'

#}}}



#路径别名 {{{

#进入相应的路径时只要 cd ~xxx

hash -d WWW="/home/lighttpd/html"

hash -d ARCH="/mnt/arch"

hash -d PKG="/var/cache/pacman/pkg"

hash -d E="/etc/env.d"

hash -d C="/etc/conf.d"

hash -d I="/etc/rc.d"

hash -d X="/etc/X11"

hash -d BK="/home/r00t/config_bak"

#}}}

    

##for Emacs {{{

#在 Emacs终端 中使用 Zsh 的一些设置 不推荐在 Emacs 中使用它

if [[ "$TERM" == "dumb" ]]; then

setopt No_zle

PROMPT='%n@%M %/

>>'

alias ls='ls -F'

fi 	

#}}}



#{{{自定义补全

#补全 ping

zstyle ':completion:*:ping:*' hosts 192.168.128.1{38,} www.g.cn \

       192.168.{1,0}.1{{7..9},}



#补全 ssh scp sftp 等

my_accounts=(

{r00t,root}@{192.168.1.1,192.168.0.1}

kardinal@linuxtoy.org

123@211.148.131.7

)

zstyle ':completion:*:my-accounts' users-hosts $my_accounts

#}}}



####{{{

function calc { echo $(($@)) }

function timeconv { date -d @$1 +"%Y-%m-%d %T" }



# }}}





## END OF FILE #################################################################

# vim:filetype=zsh foldmethod=marker autoindent expandtab shiftwidth=4 

这是一种效果超炫的提示符,把上面与提示符相关的配置语句注释掉,加入下面代码


#效果超炫的提示符



function precmd {



local TERMWIDTH

(( TERMWIDTH = ${COLUMNS} - 1 ))





###

# Truncate the path if it's too long.



PR_FILLBAR=""

PR_PWDLEN=""



local promptsize=${#${(%):---(%n@%m:%l)---()--}}

local pwdsize=${#${(%):-%~}}



if [[ "$promptsize + $pwdsize" -gt $TERMWIDTH ]]; then

((PR_PWDLEN=$TERMWIDTH - $promptsize))

else

PR_FILLBAR="\${(l.(($TERMWIDTH - ($promptsize + $pwdsize)))..${PR_HBAR}.)}"

fi





###

# Get APM info.



#if which ibam > /dev/null; then

#PR_APM_RESULT=`ibam --percentbattery`

#elif which apm > /dev/null; then

#PR_APM_RESULT=`apm`

#fi

}





setopt extended_glob

preexec () {

if [[ "$TERM" == "screen" ]]; then

local CMD=${1[(wr)^(*=*|sudo|-*)]}

echo -n "\ek$CMD\e\\"

fi

}



setprompt () {

###

# Need this so the prompt will work.



setopt prompt_subst





###

# See if we can use colors.



autoload colors zsh/terminfo

if [[ "$terminfo[colors]" -ge 8 ]]; then

colors

fi

for color in RED GREEN YELLOW BLUE MAGENTA CYAN WHITE; do

eval PR_$color='%{$terminfo[bold]$fg[${(L)color}]%}'

eval PR_LIGHT_$color='%{$fg[${(L)color}]%}'

(( count = $count + 1 ))

done

PR_NO_COLOUR="%{$terminfo[sgr0]%}"





###

# See if we can use extended characters to look nicer.



typeset -A altchar

set -A altchar ${(s..)terminfo[acsc]}

PR_SET_CHARSET="%{$terminfo[enacs]%}"

PR_SHIFT_IN="%{$terminfo[smacs]%}"

PR_SHIFT_OUT="%{$terminfo[rmacs]%}"

PR_HBAR=${altchar[q]:--}

#PR_HBAR=" "

PR_ULCORNER=${altchar[l]:--}

PR_LLCORNER=${altchar[m]:--}

PR_LRCORNER=${altchar[j]:--}

PR_URCORNER=${altchar[k]:--}





###

# Decide if we need to set titlebar text.



case $TERM in

xterm*)

PR_TITLEBAR=$'%{\e]0;%(!.-=*[ROOT]*=- | .)%n@%m:%~ | ${COLUMNS}x${LINES} | %y\a%}'

;;

screen)

PR_TITLEBAR=$'%{\e_screen \005 (\005t) | %(!.-=[ROOT]=- | .)%n@%m:%~ | ${COLUMNS}x${LINES} | %y\e\\%}'

;;

*)

PR_TITLEBAR=''

;;

esac





###

# Decide whether to set a screen title

if [[ "$TERM" == "screen" ]]; then

PR_STITLE=$'%{\ekzsh\e\\%}'

else

PR_STITLE=''

fi





###

# APM detection



#if which ibam > /dev/null; then

#PR_APM='$PR_RED${${PR_APM_RESULT[(f)1]}[(w)-2]}%%(${${PR_APM_RESULT[(f)3]}[(w)-1]})$PR_LIGHT_BLUE:'

#elif which apm > /dev/null; then

#PR_APM='$PR_RED${PR_APM_RESULT[(w)5,(w)6]/\% /%%}$PR_LIGHT_BLUE:'

#else

PR_APM=''

#fi





###

# Finally, the prompt.



PROMPT='$PR_SET_CHARSET$PR_STITLE${(e)PR_TITLEBAR}\

$PR_CYAN$PR_SHIFT_IN$PR_ULCORNER$PR_BLUE$PR_HBAR$PR_SHIFT_OUT(\

$PR_GREEN%(!.%SROOT%s.%n)$PR_GREEN@%m:%l\

$PR_BLUE)$PR_SHIFT_IN$PR_HBAR$PR_CYAN$PR_HBAR${(e)PR_FILLBAR}$PR_BLUE$PR_HBAR$PR_SHIFT_OUT(\

$PR_MAGENTA%$PR_PWDLEN<...<%~%<<\

$PR_BLUE)$PR_SHIFT_IN$PR_HBAR$PR_CYAN$PR_URCORNER$PR_SHIFT_OUT\



$PR_CYAN$PR_SHIFT_IN$PR_LLCORNER$PR_BLUE$PR_HBAR$PR_SHIFT_OUT(\

%(?..$PR_LIGHT_RED%?$PR_BLUE:)\

${(e)PR_APM}$PR_YELLOW%D{%H:%M}\

$PR_LIGHT_BLUE:%(!.$PR_RED.$PR_WHITE)%#$PR_BLUE)$PR_SHIFT_IN$PR_HBAR$PR_SHIFT_OUT\

$PR_CYAN$PR_SHIFT_IN$PR_HBAR$PR_SHIFT_OUT\

$PR_NO_COLOUR '



RPROMPT=' $PR_CYAN$PR_SHIFT_IN$PR_HBAR$PR_BLUE$PR_HBAR$PR_SHIFT_OUT\

($PR_YELLOW%D{%a,%b%d}$PR_BLUE)$PR_SHIFT_IN$PR_HBAR$PR_CYAN$PR_LRCORNER$PR_SHIFT_OUT$PR_NO_COLOUR'



PS2='$PR_CYAN$PR_SHIFT_IN$PR_HBAR$PR_SHIFT_OUT\

$PR_BLUE$PR_SHIFT_IN$PR_HBAR$PR_SHIFT_OUT(\

$PR_LIGHT_GREEN%_$PR_BLUE)$PR_SHIFT_IN$PR_HBAR$PR_SHIFT_OUT\

$PR_CYAN$PR_SHIFT_IN$PR_HBAR$PR_SHIFT_OUT$PR_NO_COLOUR '

}



setprompt      


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