Zsh 配置文件

例 30.1. Zsh 配置文件 .zshrc

#命令提示符 {{{
RPROMPT=$(echo '%{\033[31m%}%D %T%{\033[m%}')
PROMPT=$(echo '%{\033[34m%}%M%{\033[32m%}%/
%{\033[36m%}%n %{\033[01;31m%}>%{\033[33m%}>%{\033[34m%}>%{\033[m%} ')
#}}}

#标题栏、任务栏样式{{{
case $TERM in (*xterm*|*rxvt*|(dt|k|E)term)
   precmd () { print -Pn "\e]0;%n@%M//%/\a" }
   preexec () { print -Pn "\e]0;%n@%M//%/\ $1\a" }
   ;;
esac
#}}}

#关于历史纪录的配置 {{{
#历史纪录条目数量
export HISTSIZE=10000
#注销后保存的历史纪录条目数量
export SAVEHIST=10000
#历史纪录文件
#export HISTFILE=~/.zhistory
#以附加的方式写入历史纪录
setopt INC_APPEND_HISTORY
#如果连续输入的命令相同,历史纪录中只保留一个
setopt HIST_IGNORE_DUPS      
#为历史纪录中的命令添加时间戳      
setopt EXTENDED_HISTORY      

#启用 cd 命令的历史纪录,cd -[TAB]进入历史路径
setopt AUTO_PUSHD
#相同的历史路径只保留一个
setopt PUSHD_IGNORE_DUPS

#在命令前添加空格,不将此命令添加到纪录文件中
#setopt HIST_IGNORE_SPACE      
#}}}

#每个目录使用独立的历史纪录{{{
cd() {
    builtin cd "$@"                             # do actual cd
    fc -W                                       # write current history  file
    local HISTDIR="$HOME/.zsh_history$PWD"      # use nested folders for history
        if  [ ! -d "$HISTDIR" ] ; then          # create folder if needed
            mkdir -p "$HISTDIR"
        fi
        export HISTFILE="$HISTDIR/zhistory"     # set new history file
    touch $HISTFILE
    local ohistsize=$HISTSIZE
        HISTSIZE=0                              # Discard previous dir's history
        HISTSIZE=$ohistsize                     # Prepare for new dir's history
    fc -R                                       #read from current histfile
}
mkdir -p $HOME/.zsh_history$PWD
export HISTFILE="$HOME/.zsh_history$PWD/zhistory"

function allhistory { cat $(find $HOME/.zsh_history -name zhistory) }
function convhistory {
            sort $1 | uniq |
            sed 's/^:\([ 0-9]*\):[0-9]*;\(.*\)/\1::::::\2/' |
            awk -F"::::::" '{ $1=strftime("%Y-%m-%d %T",$1) "|"; print }'  
}
#使用 histall 命令查看全部历史纪录
function histall { convhistory =(allhistory) |
            sed '/^.\{20\} *cd/i\\' }
#使用 hist 查看当前目录历史纪录
function hist { convhistory $HISTFILE }

#全部历史纪录 top44
function top44 { allhistory | awk -F':[ 0-9]*:[0-9]*;' '{ $1="" ; print }' | sed 's/ /\n/g' | sed '/^$/d' | sort | uniq -c | sort -nr | head -n 44 }

#}}}

#杂项 {{{
#允许在交互模式中使用注释  例如:
#cmd #这是注释
setopt INTERACTIVE_COMMENTS      
      
#启用自动 cd,输入目录名回车进入目录
#稍微有点混乱,不如 cd 补全实用
#setopt AUTO_CD
      
#扩展路径
#/v/c/p/p => /var/cache/pacman/pkg
setopt complete_in_word
      
#禁用 core dumps
limit coredumpsize 0

#Emacs风格 键绑定
bindkey -e
#设置 [DEL]键 为向后删除
bindkey "\e[3~" delete-char

#以下字符视为单词的一部分
WORDCHARS='*?_-[]~=&;!#$%^(){}<>'
#}}}

#自动补全功能 {{{
setopt AUTO_LIST
setopt AUTO_MENU
#开启此选项,补全时会直接选中菜单项
#setopt MENU_COMPLETE

autoload -U compinit
compinit

#自动补全缓存
#zstyle ':completion::complete:*' use-cache on
#zstyle ':completion::complete:*' cache-path .zcache
#zstyle ':completion:*:cd:*' ignore-parents parent pwd

#自动补全选项
zstyle ':completion:*:match:*' original only
zstyle ':completion::prefix-1:*' completer _complete
zstyle ':completion:predict:*' completer _complete
zstyle ':completion:incremental:*' completer _complete _correct
zstyle ':completion:*' completer _complete _prefix _correct _prefix _match _approximate

#路径补全
zstyle ':completion:*' expand 'yes'
zstyle ':completion:*' squeeze-shlashes 'yes'
zstyle ':completion::complete:*' '\\'

zstyle ':completion:*' menu select
zstyle ':completion:*:*:default' force-list always

#彩色补全菜单 
eval $(dircolors -b) 
export ZLSCOLORS="${LS_COLORS}"
zmodload zsh/complist
zstyle ':completion:*' list-colors ${(s.:.)LS_COLORS}
zstyle ':completion:*:*:kill:*:processes' list-colors '=(#b) #([0-9]#)*=0=01;31'

#修正大小写
zstyle ':completion:*' matcher-list '' 'm:{a-zA-Z}={A-Za-z}'
#错误校正      
zstyle ':completion:*' completer _complete _match _approximate
zstyle ':completion:*:match:*' original only
zstyle ':completion:*:approximate:*' max-errors 1 numeric

#kill 命令补全      
compdef pkill=kill
compdef pkill=killall
zstyle ':completion:*:*:kill:*' menu yes select
zstyle ':completion:*:*:*:*:processes' force-list always
zstyle ':completion:*:processes' command 'ps -au$USER'

#补全类型提示分组 
zstyle ':completion:*:matches' group 'yes'
zstyle ':completion:*' group-name ''
zstyle ':completion:*:options' description 'yes'
zstyle ':completion:*:options' auto-description '%d'
zstyle ':completion:*:descriptions' format $'\e[01;33m -- %d --\e[0m'
zstyle ':completion:*:messages' format $'\e[01;35m -- %d --\e[0m'
zstyle ':completion:*:warnings' format $'\e[01;31m -- No Matches Found --\e[0m'
#}}}

##行编辑高亮模式 {{{
# Ctrl+@ 设置标记,标记和光标点之间为 region
zle_highlight=(region:bg=magenta #选中区域 
               special:bold      #特殊字符
               isearch:underline)#搜索时使用的关键字
#}}}

##空行(光标在行首)补全 "cd " {{{
user-complete(){
    case $BUFFER in
        "" )                       # 空行填入 "cd "
            BUFFER="cd "
            zle end-of-line
            zle expand-or-complete
            ;;
        "cd --" )                  # "cd --" 替换为 "cd +"
            BUFFER="cd +"
            zle end-of-line
            zle expand-or-complete
            ;;
        "cd +-" )                  # "cd +-" 替换为 "cd -"
            BUFFER="cd -"
            zle end-of-line
            zle expand-or-complete
            ;;
        * )
            zle expand-or-complete
            ;;
    esac
}
zle -N user-complete
bindkey "\t" user-complete
#}}}

##在命令前插入 sudo {{{
#定义功能 
sudo-command-line() {
    [[ -z $BUFFER ]] && zle up-history
    [[ $BUFFER != sudo\ * ]] && BUFFER="sudo $BUFFER"
    zle end-of-line                 #光标移动到行末
}
zle -N sudo-command-line
#定义快捷键为: [Esc] [Esc]
bindkey "\e\e" sudo-command-line
#}}}
  
#命令别名 {{{
alias -g cp='cp -i'
alias -g mv='mv -i'
alias -g rm='rm -i'
alias -g ls='ls -F --color=auto'
alias -g ll='ls -l'
alias -g grep='grep --color=auto'
alias -g ee='emacsclient -t'

#[Esc][h] man 当前命令时,显示简短说明 
alias run-help >&/dev/null && unalias run-help
autoload run-help

#历史命令 top10
alias top10='print -l  ${(o)history%% *} | uniq -c | sort -nr | head -n 10'
#}}}

#路径别名 {{{
#进入相应的路径时只要 cd ~xxx
hash -d WWW="/home/lighttpd/html"
hash -d ARCH="/mnt/arch"
hash -d PKG="/var/cache/pacman/pkg"
hash -d E="/etc/env.d"
hash -d C="/etc/conf.d"
hash -d I="/etc/rc.d"
hash -d X="/etc/X11"
hash -d BK="/home/r00t/config_bak"
#}}}
    
##for Emacs {{{
#在 Emacs终端 中使用 Zsh 的一些设置 不推荐在 Emacs 中使用它
if [[ "$TERM" == "dumb" ]]; then
setopt No_zle
PROMPT='%n@%M %/
>>'
alias ls='ls -F'
fi 	
#}}}

#{{{自定义补全
#补全 ping
zstyle ':completion:*:ping:*' hosts 192.168.128.1{38,} www.g.cn \
       192.168.{1,0}.1{{7..9},}

#补全 ssh scp sftp 等
my_accounts=(
{r00t,root}@{192.168.1.1,192.168.0.1}
kardinal@linuxtoy.org
123@211.148.131.7
)
zstyle ':completion:*:my-accounts' users-hosts $my_accounts
#}}}

####{{{
function calc { echo $(($@)) }
function timeconv { date -d @$1 +"%Y-%m-%d %T" }

# }}}


## END OF FILE #################################################################
# vim:filetype=zsh foldmethod=marker autoindent expandtab shiftwidth=4 

这是一种效果超炫的提示符,把上面与提示符相关的配置语句注释掉,加入下面代码

#效果超炫的提示符

function precmd {

local TERMWIDTH
(( TERMWIDTH = ${COLUMNS} - 1 ))


###
# Truncate the path if it's too long.

PR_FILLBAR=""
PR_PWDLEN=""

local promptsize=${#${(%):---(%n@%m:%l)---()--}}
local pwdsize=${#${(%):-%~}}

if [[ "$promptsize + $pwdsize" -gt $TERMWIDTH ]]; then
((PR_PWDLEN=$TERMWIDTH - $promptsize))
else
PR_FILLBAR="\${(l.(($TERMWIDTH - ($promptsize + $pwdsize)))..${PR_HBAR}.)}"
fi


###
# Get APM info.

#if which ibam > /dev/null; then
#PR_APM_RESULT=`ibam --percentbattery`
#elif which apm > /dev/null; then
#PR_APM_RESULT=`apm`
#fi
}


setopt extended_glob
preexec () {
if [[ "$TERM" == "screen" ]]; then
local CMD=${1[(wr)^(*=*|sudo|-*)]}
echo -n "\ek$CMD\e\\"
fi
}

setprompt () {
###
# Need this so the prompt will work.

setopt prompt_subst


###
# See if we can use colors.

autoload colors zsh/terminfo
if [[ "$terminfo[colors]" -ge 8 ]]; then
colors
fi
for color in RED GREEN YELLOW BLUE MAGENTA CYAN WHITE; do
eval PR_$color='%{$terminfo[bold]$fg[${(L)color}]%}'
eval PR_LIGHT_$color='%{$fg[${(L)color}]%}'
(( count = $count + 1 ))
done
PR_NO_COLOUR="%{$terminfo[sgr0]%}"


###
# See if we can use extended characters to look nicer.

typeset -A altchar
set -A altchar ${(s..)terminfo[acsc]}
PR_SET_CHARSET="%{$terminfo[enacs]%}"
PR_SHIFT_IN="%{$terminfo[smacs]%}"
PR_SHIFT_OUT="%{$terminfo[rmacs]%}"
PR_HBAR=${altchar[q]:--}
#PR_HBAR=" "
PR_ULCORNER=${altchar[l]:--}
PR_LLCORNER=${altchar[m]:--}
PR_LRCORNER=${altchar[j]:--}
PR_URCORNER=${altchar[k]:--}


###
# Decide if we need to set titlebar text.

case $TERM in
xterm*)
PR_TITLEBAR=$'%{\e]0;%(!.-=*[ROOT]*=- | .)%n@%m:%~ | ${COLUMNS}x${LINES} | %y\a%}'
;;
screen)
PR_TITLEBAR=$'%{\e_screen \005 (\005t) | %(!.-=[ROOT]=- | .)%n@%m:%~ | ${COLUMNS}x${LINES} | %y\e\\%}'
;;
*)
PR_TITLEBAR=''
;;
esac


###
# Decide whether to set a screen title
if [[ "$TERM" == "screen" ]]; then
PR_STITLE=$'%{\ekzsh\e\\%}'
else
PR_STITLE=''
fi


###
# APM detection

#if which ibam > /dev/null; then
#PR_APM='$PR_RED${${PR_APM_RESULT[(f)1]}[(w)-2]}%%(${${PR_APM_RESULT[(f)3]}[(w)-1]})$PR_LIGHT_BLUE:'
#elif which apm > /dev/null; then
#PR_APM='$PR_RED${PR_APM_RESULT[(w)5,(w)6]/\% /%%}$PR_LIGHT_BLUE:'
#else
PR_APM=''
#fi


###
# Finally, the prompt.

PROMPT='$PR_SET_CHARSET$PR_STITLE${(e)PR_TITLEBAR}\
$PR_CYAN$PR_SHIFT_IN$PR_ULCORNER$PR_BLUE$PR_HBAR$PR_SHIFT_OUT(\
$PR_GREEN%(!.%SROOT%s.%n)$PR_GREEN@%m:%l\
$PR_BLUE)$PR_SHIFT_IN$PR_HBAR$PR_CYAN$PR_HBAR${(e)PR_FILLBAR}$PR_BLUE$PR_HBAR$PR_SHIFT_OUT(\
$PR_MAGENTA%$PR_PWDLEN<...<%~%<<\
$PR_BLUE)$PR_SHIFT_IN$PR_HBAR$PR_CYAN$PR_URCORNER$PR_SHIFT_OUT\

$PR_CYAN$PR_SHIFT_IN$PR_LLCORNER$PR_BLUE$PR_HBAR$PR_SHIFT_OUT(\
%(?..$PR_LIGHT_RED%?$PR_BLUE:)\
${(e)PR_APM}$PR_YELLOW%D{%H:%M}\
$PR_LIGHT_BLUE:%(!.$PR_RED.$PR_WHITE)%#$PR_BLUE)$PR_SHIFT_IN$PR_HBAR$PR_SHIFT_OUT\
$PR_CYAN$PR_SHIFT_IN$PR_HBAR$PR_SHIFT_OUT\
$PR_NO_COLOUR '

RPROMPT=' $PR_CYAN$PR_SHIFT_IN$PR_HBAR$PR_BLUE$PR_HBAR$PR_SHIFT_OUT\
($PR_YELLOW%D{%a,%b%d}$PR_BLUE)$PR_SHIFT_IN$PR_HBAR$PR_CYAN$PR_LRCORNER$PR_SHIFT_OUT$PR_NO_COLOUR'

PS2='$PR_CYAN$PR_SHIFT_IN$PR_HBAR$PR_SHIFT_OUT\
$PR_BLUE$PR_SHIFT_IN$PR_HBAR$PR_SHIFT_OUT(\
$PR_LIGHT_GREEN%_$PR_BLUE)$PR_SHIFT_IN$PR_HBAR$PR_SHIFT_OUT\
$PR_CYAN$PR_SHIFT_IN$PR_HBAR$PR_SHIFT_OUT$PR_NO_COLOUR '
}

setprompt      


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