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Firebird/InterBase Functions

简介

Firebird/InterBase is a relational database offering many ANSI SQL-92 features that runs on Linux, Windows, and a variety of Unix platforms. Firebird/InterBase offers excellent concurrency, high performance, and powerful language support for stored procedures and triggers. It has been used in production systems, under a variety of names since 1981.

InterBase is the name of the closed-source variant of this RDBMS that was developed by Borland/Inprise. More information about InterBase is available at » http://www.borland.com/interbase/.

Firebird is a commercially independent project of C and C++ programmers, technical advisors and supporters developing and enhancing a multi-platform relational database management system based on the source code released by Inprise Corp (now known as Borland Software Corp) under the InterBase Public License v.1.0 on 25 July, 2000. More information about Firebird is available at » http://www.firebirdsql.org/.

Note: This extension supports InterBase versions 5 and up and all versions of Firebird. Support for InterBase version 5.x will be dropped in PHP 5.
This database uses a single quote (') character for escaping, a behavior similar to the Sybase database, add to your php.ini the following directive:

magic_quotes_sybase = On

需求

安装

To enable InterBase support configure PHP --with-interbase[=DIR], where DIR is the InterBase base install directory, which defaults to /usr/interbase.

Note: Note to Win32 Users In order for this extension to work, there are DLL files that must be available to the Windows system PATH. See the FAQ titled "How do I add my PHP directory to the PATH on Windows" for information on how to do this. Although copying DLL files from the PHP folder into the Windows system directory also works (because the system directory is by default in the systems PATH), it is not recommended. This extension requires the following files to be in the PATH: gds32.dll
In case you installed the InterBase database server on the same machine PHP is running on, you will have this DLL already. Therefore you don't need to worry because gds32.dll will already be in the PATH.

运行时配置

这些函数的行为受 php.ini 的影响。

InterBase configuration options
Name Default Changeable Changelog
ibase.allow_persistent "1" PHP_INI_SYSTEM  
ibase.max_persistent "-1" PHP_INI_SYSTEM  
ibase.max_links "-1" PHP_INI_SYSTEM  
ibase.default_db NULL PHP_INI_SYSTEM Available since PHP 5.0.0.
ibase.default_user NULL PHP_INI_ALL  
ibase.default_password NULL PHP_INI_ALL  
ibase.default_charset NULL PHP_INI_ALL Available since PHP 5.0.0.
ibase.timestampformat "%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S" PHP_INI_ALL  
ibase.dateformat "%Y-%m-%d" PHP_INI_ALL  
ibase.timeformat "%H:%M:%S" PHP_INI_ALL  
有关 PHP_INI_* 常量进一步的细节与定义参见php.ini 配置选项

以下是配置选项的简要解释。

ibase.allow_persistent boolean

Whether to allow persistent connections to Firebird/InterBase.

ibase.max_persistent integer

The maximum number of persistent Firebird/InterBase connections per process. New connections created with ibase_pconnect() will be non-persistent if this number would be exceeded.

The maximum number of Firebird/InterBase connections per process, including persistent connections.

ibase.default_db string

The default database to connect to when ibase_[p]connect() is called without specifying a database name. If this value is set and SQL safe mode is enabled, no other connections than to this database will be allowed.

ibase.default_user string

The user name to use when connecting to a database if no user name is specified.

ibase.default_password string

The password to use when connecting to a database if no password is specified.

ibase.default_charset string

The character set to use when connecting to a database if no character set is specified.

ibase.timestampformat string

ibase.dateformat string

ibase.timeformat string

These directives are used to set the date and time formats that are used when returning dates and times from a result set, or when binding arguments to date and time parameters.

资源类型

预定义常量

以下常量由本扩展模块定义,因此只有在本扩展模块被编译到 PHP 中,或者在运行时被动态加载后才有效。

The following constants can be passed to ibase_trans() to specify transaction behaviour.

Firebird/InterBase transaction flags
Constant Description
IBASE_DEFAULT The default transaction settings are to be used. This default is determined by the client library, which defines it as IBASE_WRITE|IBASE_CONCURRENCY|IBASE_WAIT in most cases.
IBASE_READ Starts a read-only transaction.
IBASE_WRITE Starts a read-write transaction.
IBASE_CONSISTENCY Starts a transaction with the isolation level set to 'consistency', which means the transaction cannot read from tables that are being modified by other concurrent transactions.
IBASE_CONCURRENCY Starts a transaction with the isolation level set to 'concurrency' (or 'snapshot'), which means the transaction has access to all tables, but cannot see changes that were committed by other transactions after the transaction was started.
IBASE_COMMITTED Starts a transaction with the isolation level set to 'read committed'. This flag should be combined with either IBASE_REC_VERSION or IBASE_REC_NO_VERSION. This isolation level allows access to changes that were committed after the transaction was started. If IBASE_REC_NO_VERSION was specified, only the latest version of a row can be read. If IBASE_REC_VERSION was specified, a row can even be read when a modification to it is pending in a concurrent transaction.
IBASE_WAIT Indicated that a transaction should wait and retry when a conflict occurs.
IBASE_NOWAIT Indicated that a transaction should fail immediately when a conflict occurs.

The following constants can be passed to ibase_fetch_row(), ibase_fetch_assoc() or ibase_fetch_object() to specify fetch behaviour.

Firebird/InterBase fetch flags
Constant Description
IBASE_FETCH_BLOBS Also available as IBASE_TEXTfor backward compatibility. Causes BLOB contents to be fetched inline, instead of being fetched as BLOB identifiers.
IBASE_FETCH_ARRAYS Causes arrays to be fetched inline. Otherwise, array identifiers are returned. Array identifiers can only be used as arguments to INSERT operations, as no functions to handle array identifiers are currently available.
IBASE_UNIXTIME Causes date and time fields not to be returned as strings, but as UNIX timestamps (the number of seconds since the epoch, which is 1-Jan-1970 0:00 UTC). Might be problematic if used with dates before 1970 on some systems.

The following constants are used to pass requests and options to the service API functions (ibase_server_info(), ibase_db_info(), ibase_backup(), ibase_restore() and ibase_maintain_db()). Please refer to the Firebird/InterBase manuals for the meaning of these options.

IBASE_BKP_IGNORE_CHECKSUMS
IBASE_BKP_IGNORE_LIMBO
IBASE_BKP_METADATA_ONLY
IBASE_BKP_NO_GARBAGE_COLLECT
IBASE_BKP_OLD_DESCRIPTIONS
IBASE_BKP_NON_TRANSPORTABLE
IBASE_BKP_CONVERT
Options to ibase_backup()
IBASE_RES_DEACTIVATE_IDX
IBASE_RES_NO_SHADOW
IBASE_RES_NO_VALIDITY
IBASE_RES_ONE_AT_A_TIME
IBASE_RES_REPLACE
IBASE_RES_CREATE
IBASE_RES_USE_ALL_SPACE
Options to ibase_restore()
IBASE_PRP_PAGE_BUFFERS
IBASE_PRP_SWEEP_INTERVAL
IBASE_PRP_SHUTDOWN_DB
IBASE_PRP_DENY_NEW_TRANSACTIONS
IBASE_PRP_DENY_NEW_ATTACHMENTS
IBASE_PRP_RESERVE_SPACE
IBASE_PRP_RES_USE_FULL
IBASE_PRP_RES
IBASE_PRP_WRITE_MODE
IBASE_PRP_WM_ASYNC
IBASE_PRP_WM_SYNC
IBASE_PRP_ACCESS_MODE
IBASE_PRP_AM_READONLY
IBASE_PRP_AM_READWRITE
IBASE_PRP_SET_SQL_DIALECT
IBASE_PRP_ACTIVATE
IBASE_PRP_DB_ONLINE
IBASE_RPR_CHECK_DB
IBASE_RPR_IGNORE_CHECKSUM
IBASE_RPR_KILL_SHADOWS
IBASE_RPR_MEND_DB
IBASE_RPR_VALIDATE_DB
IBASE_RPR_FULL
IBASE_RPR_SWEEP_DB
Options to ibase_maintain_db()
IBASE_STS_DATA_PAGES
IBASE_STS_DB_LOG
IBASE_STS_HDR_PAGES
IBASE_STS_IDX_PAGES
IBASE_STS_SYS_RELATIONS
Options to ibase_db_info()
IBASE_SVC_SERVER_VERSION
IBASE_SVC_IMPLEMENTATION
IBASE_SVC_GET_ENV
IBASE_SVC_GET_ENV_LOCK
IBASE_SVC_GET_ENV_MSG
IBASE_SVC_USER_DBPATH
IBASE_SVC_SVR_DB_INFO
IBASE_SVC_GET_USERS
Options to ibase_server_info()

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