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PHP Options&Information

简介

This functions enable you to get a lot of information about PHP itself, e.g. runtime configuration, loaded extensions, version and much more. You'll also find functions to set options for your running PHP. The probably best known function of PHP - phpinfo() - can be found here.

需求

要编译本扩展模块无需外部库文件。

安装

本扩展模块作为 PHP 内核的一部分,无需安装即可使用。

运行时配置

这些函数的行为受 php.ini 的影响。

PHP Options/Inf Configuration Options
Name Default Changeable Changelog
assert.active "1" PHP_INI_ALL  
assert.bail "0" PHP_INI_ALL  
assert.warning "1" PHP_INI_ALL  
assert.callback NULL PHP_INI_ALL  
assert.quiet_eval "0" PHP_INI_ALL  
enable_dl "1" PHP_INI_SYSTEM Removed in PHP 6.0.0.
max_execution_time "30" PHP_INI_ALL  
max_input_time "-1" PHP_INI_PERDIR Available since PHP 4.3.0.
max_input_nesting_level "64" PHP_INI_PERDIR Available since PHP 4.4.8. Removed in PHP 5.0.0.
magic_quotes_gpc "1" PHP_INI_PERDIR PHP_INI_ALL in PHP <= 4.2.3. Removed in PHP 6.0.0.
magic_quotes_runtime "0" PHP_INI_ALL Removed in PHP 6.0.0.
有关 PHP_INI_* 常量进一步的细节与定义参见php.ini 配置选项

以下是配置选项的简要解释。

assert.active boolean

Enable assert() evaluation.

assert.bail boolean

Terminate script execution on failed assertions.

assert.warning boolean

Issue a PHP warning for each failed assertion.

assert.callback string

user function to call on failed assertions

assert.quiet_eval boolean

Use the current setting of error_reporting() during assertion expression evaluation. If enabled, no errors are shown (implicit error_reporting(0)) while evaluation. If disabled, errors are shown according to the settings of error_reporting()

enable_dl boolean

This directive is really only useful in the Apache module version of PHP. You can turn dynamic loading of PHP extensions with dl() on and off per virtual server or per directory.

The main reason for turning dynamic loading off is security. With dynamic loading, it's possible to ignore all open_basedir restrictions. The default is to allow dynamic loading, except when using 安全模式. In 安全模式, it's always impossible to use dl().

max_execution_time integer

This sets the maximum time in seconds a script is allowed to run before it is terminated by the parser. This helps prevent poorly written scripts from tying up the server. The default setting is 30.

The maximum execution time is not affected by system calls, stream operations etc. Please see the set_time_limit() function for more details.

You can not change this setting with ini_set() when running in 安全模式. The only workaround is to turn off safe mode or by changing the time limit in the php.ini.

Your web server can have other timeouts. E.g. Apache has Timeout directive, IIS has CGI timeout function, both default to 300 seconds. See the web server documentation for meaning of it.

max_input_time integer

This sets the maximum time in seconds a script is allowed to parse input data, like POST, GET and file uploads.

max_input_nesting_level integer

Sets the max nesting dept of input variables (i.e. $_GET, $_POST..)

magic_quotes_gpc boolean
Warning

This feature is DEPRECATED and REMOVED as of PHP 6.0.0. Relying on this feature is highly discouraged.

Sets the magic_quotes state for GPC (Get/Post/Cookie) operations. When magic_quotes are on, all ' (single-quote), " (double quote), \ (backslash) and NUL's are escaped with a backslash automatically.

Note: In PHP 4, also $_ENV variables are escaped.

Note: If the magic_quotes_sybase directive is also ON it will completely override magic_quotes_gpc. Having both directives enabled means only single quotes are escaped as ''. Double quotes, backslashes and NUL's will remain untouched and unescaped.

See also get_magic_quotes_gpc()

magic_quotes_runtime boolean
Warning

This feature is DEPRECATED and REMOVED as of PHP 6.0.0. Relying on this feature is highly discouraged.

If magic_quotes_runtime is enabled, most functions that return data from any sort of external source including databases and text files will have quotes escaped with a backslash. If magic_quotes_sybase is also on, a single-quote is escaped with a single-quote instead of a backslash.

资源类型

本扩展模块未定义任何资源类型。

预定义常量

以下常量作为 PHP 核心的一部分一直有效。

Pre-defined phpcredits() constants
Constant Value Description
CREDITS_GROUP 1 A list of the core developers
CREDITS_GENERAL 2 General credits: Language design and concept, PHP authors and SAPI module.
CREDITS_SAPI 4 A list of the server API modules for PHP, and their authors.
CREDITS_MODULES 8 A list of the extension modules for PHP, and their authors.
CREDITS_DOCS 16 The credits for the documentation team.
CREDITS_FULLPAGE 32 Usually used in combination with the other flags. Indicates that a complete stand-alone HTML page needs to be printed including the information indicated by the other flags.
CREDITS_QA 64 The credits for the quality assurance team.
CREDITS_ALL -1 All the credits, equivalent to using: CREDITS_DOCS + CREDITS_GENERAL + CREDITS_GROUP + CREDITS_MODULES + CREDITS_QA CREDITS_FULLPAGE. It generates a complete stand-alone HTML page with the appropriate tags. This is the default value.
phpinfo() constants
Constant Value Description
INFO_GENERAL 1 The configuration line, php.ini location, build date, Web Server, System and more.
INFO_CREDITS 2 PHP Credits. See also phpcredits().
INFO_CONFIGURATION 4 Current Local and Master values for PHP directives. See also ini_get().
INFO_MODULES 8 Loaded modules and their respective settings.
INFO_ENVIRONMENT 16 Environment Variable information that's also available in $_ENV.
INFO_VARIABLES 32 Shows all predefined variables from EGPCS (Environment, GET, POST, Cookie, Server).
INFO_LICENSE 64 PHP License information. See also the » license faq.
INFO_ALL -1 Shows all of the above. This is the default value.
ASSERT_ACTIVE (integer)
ASSERT_CALLBACK (integer)
ASSERT_BAIL (integer)
ASSERT_WARNING (integer)
ASSERT_QUIET_EVAL (integer)

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